This article is from Globalization and Health, volume 3.AbstractBackground: Clinical trials evaluating interventions for infectious diseases require enrolling participants that are vulnerable to infection. As clinical trials are conducted in increasingly vulnerable populations, issues of protection of these populations become challenging. In settings where populations are forseeably oppressed, the conduct of research requires considerations that go beyond common ethical concerns and into issues... Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2174446
Court trials are formalized disputes in which the parties are denied confrontation and have restrictions placed on their rights to tell the story. The rights of telling are part of discourse rights, and in the courtroom they are circumscribed by attorneys' objections to either the other attorneys' questions or the witnesses' answers. This can be seen in the record of conduct of a three-hour misdemeanor trial in which 32 objections were voiced. The record indicates that most witnesses are not... Topics: ERIC Archive, Civil Liberties, Conflict Resolution, Court Litigation, Discourse Analysis,...
To celebrate the Bicentennial of the United States Constitution, this curriculum illustrates the concepts of the Constitution and Bill of Rights through events and issues of the Pacific Northwest. The eight units of the curriculum include constitutional visions, the trial of Hershel C. Lyon: an environmental dilemma, comparison of rights around the Pacific Rim, a whole language approach to law and literature, a bibliography, Japanese internment cases, a history of the Bill of Rights, freedom of... Topics: ERIC Archive, Citizenship Education, Constitutional Law, Elementary Education, Elementary School...
This material provides a program to instruct secondary-level students in the political, governmental, and legal process and to encourage active student participation in these processes. The materials draw heavily upon community cooperation as a base for practical learning. Part of a year-long curriculum program, this unit examines individual rights and civil liberties. The unit concentrates on freedom of speech and expression as intricate parts of the study of the court system, criminal... Topics: ERIC Archive, Case Studies, Civil Liberties, Civil Rights, Community Cooperation, Due Process,...
In many western countries, corporal punishment has been abolished as a form of punishment in criminal trials and in schools. Under South African common law, persons entitled to enforce discipline may inflict corporal punishment within certain guidelines established by the Supreme Court. For the first time in the Republic of South Africa (RSA), the Constitution of the RSA, 1993, contains a chapter on all citizens' fundamental human rights. Section 11(2) provides for a general prohibition of... Topics: ERIC Archive, Civil Liberties, Constitutional Law, Corporal Punishment, Court Litigation,...
This article is from BMC Medical Ethics, volume 11.AbstractBackground: Africa continues to bear a disproportionate share of the global HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB) and malaria burden. The development and distribution of safe, effective and affordable vaccines is critical to reduce these epidemics. However, conducting HIV/AIDS, TB, and/or malaria vaccine trials simultaneously in developing countries, or in populations affected by all three diseases, is likely to result in numerous ethical... Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2845591
This article is from Journal of the International AIDS Society, volume 17.AbstractIntroduction: Two new microbicide products based on topical (vaginal) application of antiretroviral drugs – 1% tenofovir gel and the dapivirine ring – are currently in late-stage clinical testing, and results on their safety and effectiveness are expected to become available in early 2015. WHO guidelines on the use of topical pre-exposure prophylaxis (topical PrEP) are important in order to ensure that these... Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4163998
byMoffatt, Suzanne; Mackintosh, Joan; White, Martin; Howel, Denise; Sandell, Adam
This article is from BMC Public Health, volume 6.AbstractBackground: Qualitative research is increasingly used alongside randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to study a range of factors including participants' experiences of a trial. The need for a sound evidence base within public health will increase the need for RCTs of non-clinical interventions. Welfare rights advice has been proposed as an intervention with potential to reduce health inequalities. This qualitative study, nested within an... Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1513564
"Examination and statement of law and review of Mr. Justice Metcalfe's charge to jury, in trial of R.B. Russell at Winnipeg, December, 1919" Topics: Russell, Robert Boyd, 1888-1964, Trials (Seditious libel), General Strike, Winnipeg, Man., 1919
"The Importance of Judicial Administration to the Protection of the Innocent, the Punishment of the Guilty, the Defence of Property and Personal Rights, and the Just Maintenance of Constitutional Government. Illustrations Drawn from English Constitutional History and the Common Law, as Well as Recent Trials in Westminster Hall and Other Portions of the United Kingdom" is an article from The American Law Register (1852-1891), Volume 16. View more articles from The American Law Register... Source: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/3303727
This article is from BMC Medical Ethics, volume 13.AbstractBackground: Adherence to ethical principles in clinical research and practice is becoming topical issue in China, where the prevalence of mental illness is rising, but treatment facilities remain underdeveloped. This paper reports on a study aiming to understand the ethical knowledge and attitudes of Chinese mental health professionals in relation to the process of diagnosis and treatment, informed consent, and privacy protection in... Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3467163
This article is from BMC Public Health, volume 12.AbstractBackground: Older people in poor health are more likely to need extra money, aids and adaptations to allow them to remain independent and cope with ill health, yet in the UK many do not claim the welfare benefits to which they are entitled. Welfare rights advice interventions lead to greater welfare income, but have not been rigorously evaluated for health benefits. This study will evaluate the effects on health and well-being of a... Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3408348
* Headlines for February 20, 2008 * Civil Rights Activist Yuri Kochiyama on her Internment in a WWII Japanese American Detention Camp & Malcolm X’s Assassination * EXCLUSIVE: Rigged Trials at Guantanamo Source: Television broadcast
On February 10, 2011, CHUO 89.1 FM Ottawa The Train's Denis Rancourt interviewed long-time and dedicated community organizer and agitator Matthew Behrens, by phone from the Ottawa valley, about country music activism, Canadian torture, secret trials, economic apartheid, squatters' rights and more. Topics: Matthew Behrens, CHUO, Denis Rancourt, Homes Not Bombs, Train, torture, secret trials, Security...
This article is from Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal, volume 4.AbstractGood Clinical Practice (GCP) is an international ethical and scientific quality standard for the design, conduct, performance, monitoring, auditing, recording, analyses and reporting of clinical trials. It also serves to protect the rights, integrity and confidentiality of trial subjects. It is very important to understand the background of the formation of the ICH-GCP guidelines as this, in itself, explains the... Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3097692
A conversation with Joanne Mariner, Director of the Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism program at Human Rights Watch, regarding the Military Commissions Act of 2006 (pdf, which created an extra-constitutional parallel justice system for military detainees, and reverses over 800 years of legal practice by allowing the arbitrary stripping of habeas corpus rights from individuals merely accused of certain crimes. Topics: military, commission, habeas, corpus, habeas corpus, bush, rumsfeld, hamdan, trials, guantanamo,... Source: KBOO pre-FM broadcast air check
GUEST: Salim Mansur, Toronto Sun Columnist, Political Science, University of Western Ontario GUEST: Ezra Levant, Author, Journalist, Political Activist SHAKEDOWN: The Book, by Ezra Levant; SHAKEDOWN: Censorship, by The Human Rights Commissions The Vulnerability Of Democracies Shakedown: The Trials Of Ezra Levant - And His Book By The Same Name Human Rights Commissions: The Kangaroo Courts Of Canada Free Speech: A Canadian Tradition? Or A New Idea? It's Not Funny! Comedy, That Is. Topics: Human Rights Commissions, Democracy, Free Speech, Freedom, Politics
This article is from PLoS ONE, volume 9.AbstractBackground: This paper presents findings from a qualitative investigation of ethical and participatory issues related to the conduct of biomedical HIV prevention trials among marginalized populations in Thailand. This research was deemed important to conduct, as several large-scale biomedical HIV prevention trials among marginalized populations had closed prematurely in other countries, and a better understanding of how to prevent similar trial... Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4064984
This article is from GMS German Medical Science, volume 6.AbstractMany prescribed treatments for children have not been adequately tested in children, sometimes resulting in harmful treatments being given and beneficial treatments being withheld. In the absence of specific trial-based data in children, results of studies in adults are extrapolated, which is often inappropriate because children have different range of diseases and metabolize medications differently. Trials in children are more... Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2703255
This article is from Trials, volume 15.AbstractBackground: Some level of monitoring is usually required during a clinical trial to protect the rights and safety of trial participants and to safeguard the quality and reliability of trial results. Although there is increasing support for the use of risk-proportionate approaches to achieve these aims, the variety of methods and lack of an empirical evidence base can present challenges for clinical trial practitioners. Methods: This paper describes... Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4022377
We rebroadcast a special in-studio interview with Ericka Huggins about her life as a civil rights activist and Black Panther. Ericka Huggins was an African-American activist and founder of the Black Panther Party in New Haven, Connecticut at the time of The New Haven Black Panther trials. She is currently an professor at Laney & Berkeley City College in Bay area. Topics: Black Panther, Ericka Huggins, African American, New Haven, Civil Rights
This article is from Perspectives in Clinical Research, volume 2.AbstractWith an increasing number of corporate hospitals, healthcare related issues, research trials and undue attention by media in India, there is a need to focus more on patient’s rights and protection. In India, multiple agencies like regulatory bodies, scientific review committees, ethics committees, NGOs, etc. work toward patient rights and protection. However, these agencies are inadequate to cater to the general issues... Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3088956
This article is from BMC Medical Ethics, volume 8.AbstractBackground: South Africa is likely to be the first country in the world to host an adolescent HIV vaccine trial. Adolescents may be enrolled in late 2007. In the development and review of adolescent HIV vaccine trial protocols there are many complexities to consider, and much work to be done if these important trials are to become a reality. Discussion: This article sets out essential requirements for the lawful conduct of adolescent... Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1878488
This article is from Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, volume 2.AbstractBefore any medicinal product is authorised for use in adults, it must undergo extensive pharmaceutical consistency and stability tests, toxicological tests and clinical trials to ensure that it is of high quality, safe and effective.The same approach may not always be applied to medicinal products used to treat children.Studies showed that over 50% of the medicinal products used in children may not have... Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2633263
On this sunny episode we’re joined by guest-presenter Tucky who will be talking to us about SunnyCon 2 and the trials and tribulations of being a convention organiser. We also investigate region locking, digital rights management (DRM), and TV broadcast systems (PAL, NTSC, SECAM, etc), and whatever else pops into our heads. Topics: Sunnycon, Convention, Anime, Manga, Videogames, pop culture, geek culture, technology news,...
Black Panther Party co-founder Huey P. Newton speaks about his political activities and events surrounding his trial from jail in San Luis Obispo, CA. Newton asks for immunity from the United Nations for Eldridge Cleaver and the release of all Panthers currently serving prison sentences. Restricted distribution rights. Topics: BLACK PANTHER PARTY., Newton, Huey P., Prisoners -- Personal narratives., Statement from Huey P....
This article is from BMC International Health and Human Rights, volume 5.AbstractBackground: Two planned trials of pre-exposure prophylaxis tenofovir in Cambodia and Cameroon to prevent HIV infection in high-risk populations were closed due to activist pressure on host country governments. The international news media contributed substantially as the primary source of knowledge transfer regarding the trials. We aimed to characterize the nature of reporting, specifically focusing on the issues... Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1242229
Description: The black and white film was created by the Sacramento Bee and KFBK and documents the regional Olympic boxing trials held at Memorial Auditorium. Photographer Robert Handsaker captures the various weight classes, including Joe Lopez' of Sacramento victory over Ed Chavez of Oakland.Source: 1 Reel of 1: Film: 16mmCall Number: 2005/054/2565Rights: Copyright status unknown. This work may be protected by the U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.). In addition, its reproduction may be... Topics: californialightandsound, Lopez, Joe, Chavez, Ed
By completing these self-contained, supplementary activities, secondary students will learn about important law-related issues and themes in American history. When students recognize the vital constitutional issues of different periods in history they are helped in understanding the social, political, and economic forces which shaped those periods. The activities are grouped into four sections roughly corresponding to the chronological periods of most U.S. history courses: Colonial Period... Topics: ERIC Archive, Child Labor, Civil War (United States), Colonial History (United States),...
This document focuses on cases brought by Minnesotans to the U.S. Supreme Court. The five lessons featured are designed to provide secondary classroom teachers with material needed to teach each unit. Lessons cover Supreme Court proceedings, free press issues, freedom of religion, abortion rights, and privilege against self-incrimination. Instructions and materials for conducting mock trials as well as an appendix containing the Bill of Rights, U.S. Constitution, and Minnesota Constitution... Topics: ERIC Archive, Citizenship Education, Civil Liberties, Constitutional Law, Court Litigation, Due...
byHutton, Jane L; Eccles, Martin P; Grimshaw, Jeremy M
This article is from Implementation Science : IS, volume 3.AbstractBackground: Improved quality of care is a policy objective of health care systems around the world. Implementation research is the scientific study of methods to promote the systematic uptake of clinical research findings into routine clinical practice, and hence to reduce inappropriate care. It includes the study of influences on healthcare professionals' behaviour and methods to enable them to use research findings more... Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2639614
These materials are part of the Project Benchmark series designed to teach secondary students about our legal concepts and systems. This unit focuses on individual rights and fair procedures under the law. The materials outline the Bill of Rights, due process guarantees, the right to a fair hearing, fair and unfair trials, search and seizure laws, exceptions to the lawful arrest procedure, the necessity for a search warrant, and equal protection guarantees. A case fact sheet, role sheets, case... Topics: ERIC Archive, Civil Rights, Court Litigation, Courts, Due Process, Equal Protection, Instructional...
This article is from OncoTargets and therapy, volume 7.AbstractIcotinib hydrochloride is an orally administered small-molecule reversible tyrosine kinase inhibitor that has been independently researched and developed and has independent intellectual property rights in the People’s Republic of China. Clinical trials have demonstrated that the response to icotinib among advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who received at least one platinum-based chemotherapy regimen was not... Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4037325
Recorded on 3/29/2008 This is a speech delivered on 3/29/2008 by Stephen Pidgeon at a free speech conference sponsored by the ECP (http://www.noappologies.ca) This hits on key ideas of where freedom comes from and how Christianity fits into rights. A very fast-moving and to-the-point set of ideas which I have never heard expressed quite this well. This is a keeper! 00:47 Global Warming 01:01 Homosexual and Feminist lobby 01:22 Primary resource targeted is fresh water 01:30 Goal is population... Topics: ECP, Free Speech, Steve Pidgeon, Rights, Privileges
Call Number: Oral History Collection Description: Labor Archives program featuring Norman Leonard, lead attorney for California Smith Act defendants who were prosecuted for their leadership role in the Communist Party..Rights: Copyrighted. Rights are owned by Labor Archives and Research Center (LARC), J. Paul Leonard Library, San Francisco State University. Copyright Holder has given Institution permission to provide access to the digitized work online. Transmission or reproduction of materials... Topics: californialightandsound, Communism--California, Communism--United States, Communist trials--New... Source: 1 Tape of 1: 1/8 inch audio cassette
This article is from International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, volume 9.AbstractAlthough numerous studies on heroin-assisted treatment (HAT) have been published in leading international journals, little attention has been given to HAT’s clients, their stories, and what constitutes the most influential factor in the treatment process. The present study investigates the role of HAT in transforming the lives of injection drug users (IDUs) in Vancouver, Canada. This... Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3955773
Designed for integration into secondary U.S. history courses, the activities provide a format for the examination of law-related themes and issues. Themes explored include the conflict between individual and societal needs, the relationship of the individual to state and federal authority, individual rights, the shifting balance of power among the three branches of government, the influence of social and economic conditions on judicial decision making, and the U.S. constitution as an instrument... Topics: ERIC Archive, Civil War (United States), Colonial History (United States), Constitutional Law,...
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This article is from Journal of Young Pharmacists : JYP, volume 3.AbstractA contract research organization (CRO) is a company which conducts a Good Clinical Practice (GCP) in clinical trial. There are literally hundreds of CROs worldwide employing a workforce of nearly 100,000 professionals. The project proposes the study of practical parameters and their relative importance as perceived by the various stakeholders in clinical trials. The survey was conducted in Bangalore and New Delhi. Primary... Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3094562
The clash between the First and Sixth Amendments continues to be a major concern for both journalists and the courts. This paper reviews the major cases in the evolution of the "fair trial/free press" controversy from the "Irvin vs. Dowd" decision in 1961 to the Blackmun decision in 1975. The attempt is made to answer the question of when, and if, direct restraint of the press is necessary in a criminal proceeding; alternatives to this course, which can ensure protection of... Topics: ERIC Archive, Censorship, Court Doctrine, Court Role, Courts, Criminal Law, Freedom of Speech,...
This booklet contains 15 lessons to infuse the study of law and citizenship education into an eighth grade social studies curriculum. The lessons are designed to encourage inquiry among the students and to use community resource people, particularly attorneys. Through these lessons, teachers can build support for democratic values, while students are developing skills needed by today's citizens. Individual lessons cover constitutional rights, the Bill of Rights, legislation development, the... Topics: ERIC Archive, Citizenship Education, Class Activities, Constitutional Law, Curriculum Enrichment,...